“Since the beginning of the twentieth century ethnologists used to not too accurate use of concepts such as shaman, medicine man, magician or a wizard to define some entities, endowed with magical-religious powers and found in all “primitive” society. Since then, this terminology has extended to research in the field of religious history of “civilized” peoples. Say, for example, about Indian, Iranian, German, Chinese, and even Babylonian shamanism, meaning “primitive” elements in the respective religions. If the word “shaman” to indicate every magician, sorcerer, healer or mystic, mentioned in the history of religions and religious Ethnology, we eventually get a very complex and at the same time, an imprecise concept, the benefit of which is questionable because there is already the terms “mage” and “warlock” to refer to concepts as diverse as it is vague, such as magic or primitive mysticism.
Magic and magicians we see are almost all over the world, whereas shamanism is a particular magical “profession”, which we highlight in particular: “the taming of the fire”, a magical flight, etc. For this reason, though the shaman is, among other things, also a magician, not every magician can be defined as a shaman. The same applies to shamanic healings: each witch doctor is a healer, but the shaman has its own special methods. As for simanskiene of ecstasy, they do not exhaust all varieties of ecstatic experiences, recorded in the history of religions and religious Ethnology. Therefore, each ecstatic cannot be considered a shaman: the shaman is a specialist in trance during which his soul, as is commonly believed, leaves the body to ascend to the Sky or descend to Hell. Continue reading
Bolivia . on the Altiplano Catholicism coexists with the cosmovision of the Andean Indians.
The language of the Maha Huay evolved over many centuries, is a “secret language” which is spoken today only a few families of traditional doctors, herbalists, calavia . living in the Andes of Bolivia. Language Kallawaya is a means of transmission of ancient knowledge . are now under threat of extinction.
Calavia, herbalists Wanderers from the province of Bautista Saavedra, Department of La Paz, over many centuries have developed a “family language” of the tribes (ayllu), within which from generation to generation, passed on holistic healing knowledge. This language received the name mahah Huai or “language people”. Today, it is spoken of calavia eight families in the province, where the language of everyday communication is Quechua.
For the first time this language became interested in the colonies, administrators, and chroniclers, as mestizos, and Spaniards, testified to his “rarity”. Starting from the XVII century, it was widely distributed information about the existence of a special language healers-herbalists, who prepare medicine for the Inca kings and their entourage. Continue reading
An Allergy is overreaction of the human immune system to harmless substances. The symptoms of an allergic reaction may be localized in completely different parts of the body and persist from several minutes to several days, and with different severity. A negative reaction may occur on these types of allergens like animal hair or on the animals themselves, and, more specifically, on proteins that they emit into the air in the course of their life, on food, dust, drugs.
Depending on the type of allergen, the Allergy may be respiratory. food, skin and so on. According to the statistics, most common allergies to ragweed, with every year becomes more and more people who feel uncomfortable and do not feel in the period of active flowering plants.
From all types of allergies intolerance the body ambrosia occurs more often, and not only because of individual characteristics of the organism, but also the fact that it grows everywhere. To eradicate the plant is almost impossible, since it requires a lot of physical force and monetary resources. A natural question arises in people who call themselves allergies how to treat allergies to ragweed and other allergens. Because allergic reactions to this plant are the most frequent, let’s take an example of an ambrosia consider options for the treatment of pathological diseases. But before proceeding to the treatment of disease, it is necessary to consider in detail which symptoms may be observed in the patient. Continue reading