“Since the beginning of the twentieth century ethnologists used to not too accurate use of concepts such as shaman, medicine man, magician or a wizard to define some entities, endowed with magical-religious powers and found in all “primitive” society. Since then, this terminology has extended to research in the field of religious history of “civilized” peoples. Say, for example, about Indian, Iranian, German, Chinese, and even Babylonian shamanism, meaning “primitive” elements in the respective religions. If the word “shaman” to indicate every magician, sorcerer, healer or mystic, mentioned in the history of religions and religious Ethnology, we eventually get a very complex and at the same time, an imprecise concept, the benefit of which is questionable because there is already the terms “mage” and “warlock” to refer to concepts as diverse as it is vague, such as magic or primitive mysticism.
Magic and magicians we see are almost all over the world, whereas shamanism is a particular magical “profession”, which we highlight in particular: “the taming of the fire”, a magical flight, etc. For this reason, though the shaman is, among other things, also a magician, not every magician can be defined as a shaman. The same applies to shamanic healings: each witch doctor is a healer, but the shaman has its own special methods. As for simanskiene of ecstasy, they do not exhaust all varieties of ecstatic experiences, recorded in the history of religions and religious Ethnology. Therefore, each ecstatic cannot be considered a shaman: the shaman is a specialist in trance during which his soul, as is commonly believed, leaves the body to ascend to the Sky or descend to Hell. Continue reading
Headache? You need to put on the forehead of fresh cabbage leaf. Tortured pimples? They are treated in the breadcrumbs, mixed with honey. Dandruff? No need to buy shampoo, enough to lubricate the scalp of jet fuel!
You had to be treated by the methods of “alternative medicine”? Helped? Incidentally, one rarely causes mistrust recipe “from my grandmother’s trunk”: for some reason we never think to put such advice into question. But in some cases, this prescription may bring considerable harm instead of the expected benefit.
Let rosaneves and consider some of the most common myths about traditional medicine.
This is a terrible misconception amazingly quickly gained in popularity. Since 90-ies, thousands of people (and maybe more?) drink your own urine, wash it, wash out the nose… Naive and gullible, they believe that they are saved from all diseases.
In fact, a similar method of healing often leads to kidney failure. The fact that the urine, which is excreted out by the body that includes the dissolved unnecessary and even toxic substances so the body and disposes of her. In the urine of a healthy person contains ammonia, creatinine, uric acid, and bolnick this set is added, and acetone, all kinds of pathogenic bacteria. Continue reading
Historical sources tells us the information that for the first time some of the social function of the doctor introduced a social reformer Pharaoh Akhenaten of Egypt (15th century BC). He took some social functions of the priests and gave them to the doctors. That he exalted doctors and the fact that it appeared international medical sign – bowl entwined snake. The token can be decrypted so: be wise as a serpent and draw knowledge from the Cup of the universe. The ruins of some cities in Egypt bears witness to order the sequence of surgical operations, treatment of physical and mental disorders. After Akhenaten’s death the priests asserted his authority over the doctors, directing them to their rituals.
It’s been hundreds of years (the Millennium), and only with the advent of Hippocrates (C. 460-377 BCE) there were clear outlines of social medicine, which can be seen in the Hippocratic oath, where special attention is paid to moral and ethical characteristics of the doctor. Important socio-psychological step was the allocation of Hippocrates temperament types (sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic, melancholic). Today apply the concepts of Hippocrates mask, headband – hat of Hippocrates.
Hippocrates worshipped the God of healing Asclepius (the Roman name Aesculapius) and put forward the position that Asclepius is stronger than death. From here developed the position that the doctor should never stop fighting for the life of the patient, and fight for it until biological death – the onset of lividity, which is preceded by respiratory arrest and cardiac activity, set on pulse. Continue reading