“Since the beginning of the twentieth century ethnologists used to not too accurate use of concepts such as shaman, medicine man, magician or a wizard to define some entities, endowed with magical-religious powers and found in all “primitive” society. Since then, this terminology has extended to research in the field of religious history of “civilized” peoples. Say, for example, about Indian, Iranian, German, Chinese, and even Babylonian shamanism, meaning “primitive” elements in the respective religions. If the word “shaman” to indicate every magician, sorcerer, healer or mystic, mentioned in the history of religions and religious Ethnology, we eventually get a very complex and at the same time, an imprecise concept, the benefit of which is questionable because there is already the terms “mage” and “warlock” to refer to concepts as diverse as it is vague, such as magic or primitive mysticism.
Magic and magicians we see are almost all over the world, whereas shamanism is a particular magical “profession”, which we highlight in particular: “the taming of the fire”, a magical flight, etc. For this reason, though the shaman is, among other things, also a magician, not every magician can be defined as a shaman. The same applies to shamanic healings: each witch doctor is a healer, but the shaman has its own special methods. As for simanskiene of ecstasy, they do not exhaust all varieties of ecstatic experiences, recorded in the history of religions and religious Ethnology. Therefore, each ecstatic cannot be considered a shaman: the shaman is a specialist in trance during which his soul, as is commonly believed, leaves the body to ascend to the Sky or descend to Hell. Continue reading
Bearberry, or UVA URSI is a small evergreen shrub, native to Europe and the USA, which for many centuries was treated for bladder infections and kidney, urolithiasis. For medical purposes use the leaves, which contain glycosides (arbutin, methyl-arbutin), flavonoids (quercetin, isoquercetin, hyperoside, myricetin, myricetin), tannins pyrogallol group, organic acids (Gallic, ellagic, ursolic, malic, formic and protocatechuic and others).
Leaf extract has a therapeutic effect due to containing (10%) in the glycoside arbutin, which, under the influence of the enzyme arbutus is hydrolysed (decomposed) in the body to hydroquinone and glucose. Hydroquinone has an antiseptic effect and also as a result of irritation of the renal tissue has a diuretic effect. Another glycoside methyl-arbutin in the hydrolysis cleaves the methyl ester and hydroquinone.
The antibacterial effect of hydroquinone especially pronounced against Staphylococcus aureus (Staphylococcus aureus) and E. coli (Escherichia coli) .
Arbutin causes mild diuretic effect. The plant also has anti-inflammatory and astringent properties due to tannins (tannins).
The use of bear ears helps cleanse the urinary tract from bacteria and products of inflammation. Continue reading
Bolivia . on the Altiplano Catholicism coexists with the cosmovision of the Andean Indians.
The language of the Maha Huay evolved over many centuries, is a “secret language” which is spoken today only a few families of traditional doctors, herbalists, calavia . living in the Andes of Bolivia. Language Kallawaya is a means of transmission of ancient knowledge . are now under threat of extinction.
Calavia, herbalists Wanderers from the province of Bautista Saavedra, Department of La Paz, over many centuries have developed a “family language” of the tribes (ayllu), within which from generation to generation, passed on holistic healing knowledge. This language received the name mahah Huai or “language people”. Today, it is spoken of calavia eight families in the province, where the language of everyday communication is Quechua.
For the first time this language became interested in the colonies, administrators, and chroniclers, as mestizos, and Spaniards, testified to his “rarity”. Starting from the XVII century, it was widely distributed information about the existence of a special language healers-herbalists, who prepare medicine for the Inca kings and their entourage. Continue reading