Nasturtium of South America
If you prefer bright Sunny colors, and all shades from yellow to maroon, the flower of the nasturtium is for you! Grow it – one big pleasure, because virtually no hassle. In the spring need only to throw the seeds into the ground, juicy and lush green colour of the leaves in combination with rich, warm shades of flowers will adorn the garden from early summer until the frosts.
And the name of this flower is the nasturtium. She comes from the mountain regions of South America, whence it and was brought to Europe by travellers. It is a herbaceous plant that forms succulent shoots with large round leaves on tall stalks. There are long (2 m or more) and quite low shrub (25-40 cm) a variety. The leaves are plain green in colour and with light strokes, smooth and with a wavy edge.
Modern generic Latin name nasturtium – Tropaeolum – was given by K. Linnaeus. Looking at the nasturtium, Linnaeus came to the conclusion that their leaves are very similar to the shields of warriors, and the flower – sprinkled with blood on the helmets of defeated enemies hung on pillars that commemorate the victory established the Roman soldiers on the battlefield. To call these columns tropaeolum.
Nasturtium has another name – the Capuchin, which has taken root mainly in Germany. A special form of spur codamobile choice for this name salad Capuchin (Kapuzinerkresse). Capuchin and hood – words-brothers, and the Catholic order of Capuchins received their name from cappuccio – pointed hood, the main attribute of monk’s robes. So, while some saw the appearance of nasturtium military armor, others are seen in the form of the calyx monastic hoods is a symbol of remoteness from the bustle of worldly life. In Germany still on the seed packets nasturtium tropaeolum write kapuziner. And so combined in the name of the plant war and peace. However, until now in most countries, including in Russia, the guest from South America called nasturtium.
Color of flowers – from bright yellow to deep Burgundy, there are cream and pink and salmon shades. It is grown as an annual. The most famous grape climbing nasturtium – “Aurora” with light orange flowers. Sort of “King Theodore” has a big beautiful bright red flowers, “Golden gleam and Scarlet gleam” – with semi-double yellow and red flowers are slightly corrugated. From low-growing varieties are very showy “Othello” and “Black Prince” with maroon flowers. The variety “Alaska” is an unusual variegated leaves. Now on sale there are a great many varieties to suit every taste.
Care. Nasturtium likes light, heat and moderate humidity. For planting suitable Sunny location with loose, fertile soil and without water stagnation. When half-shaded location, it forms a powerful lot of beautiful foliage, but less flowers. Shrub varieties of nasturtium it is recommended to grow on poor soil with organic matter, then it will be more abundant flowering. And on too fertile site it will fatten. Nasturtium seeds are large and dense, so before sowing you can soak them, the Gulf of hot water (55 degrees) and leave for a day. This will help to soften the shell and speed up germination. Seeds are planted directly into the soil in late April – early may to a depth of 3-5 cm at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other. You can put 2-3 pieces into the hole, increasing the distance between them is up to 30-40 cm, but it all depends on the specific conditions, the size of the class and the preference of the grower. When the return spring frosts appeared shoots something or cover lightly sprinkle the ground. Further concerns boil down to weeding, loosening the soil, moderate watering and fertilizing. Regular watering is especially important at the beginning of growth during the dry season, feed the plants only until the buds every 7-10 days. In this case, use only complex mineral fertilizers, organic matter causes a rapid growth of foliage at the expense of flowering. Nasturtium growing quite rapidly and after flowering 35-40 days after sowing, flowering continues until frost. Thick lash fills nearby space and inhibit the growth of weeds, so in the future will only need to be watered sometimes. For growing of long-stem varieties for vertical gardening and their tie to the supports, getting a real cascade of flowers. Looks good and nasturtium as ampelnye plants in hanging pots and boxes.
She is very undemanding and can grow in any fairly bright spot of the garden. Planted under the trees in the form of fancy rugs, nasturtium, tree trunks decorated with circles and also protects surface roots from overheating. The nasturtium is very beneficial to plant in a group planting spring bulbs: after flowering it will hide under their unsightly dying leaves to autumn its flowers will fill the current void. In addition to garden decoration, nasturtium benefits and repelled by its own specific scent of many pests and soil decontamination from pathogens fungal infections.
Nasturtium in the home
Hair to hair. This flower helps in the care of hair, his broth rinse the head after washing. The decoction is prepared as follows: 100 g of leaves boiled in 2 liters water for 10-15 minutes on low heat. With regular use stops hair loss and dandruff. Will serve for dinner. In a common garden nasturtiums are edible all parts of the plant except the roots. Rich in vitamin C fresh young leaves and stems impart a certain piquancy to salads and sandwiches, extracts of flowers are introduced into the cheese and butter, on flowers of nasturtium vinegar insist, they are stuffed with different fillings and used as edible decoration in salads, soups and beverages. And, finally, dried, peeled and milled seeds have a spicy peppery taste and are used as seasoning to various dishes (say that in many countries is actively used ground nasturtium seeds instead of black pepper during the Second world war). The healer from the garden. The nasturtium is used not only as an ornamental and an edible plant but also as a medicinal. It’s used to treat beriberi, anemia, skin rashes, kidney stone disease, bronchitis and other diseases, it promotes hair growth. Particularly useful nasturtium as antiscorbutic. The amount of vitamin C in it is 500 mg or more (ten times higher than in conventional lettuce leaves!). More antimicrobial substances: volatile and provitamin A. Clinical trials of tropolone – substances isolated from the essential oil of nasturtium, showed that its use in patients with chronic coronary insufficiency caused by atherosclerosis, angina ceased, no pain, improved health. Great popularity began to use nasturtium, when set, that the meals are of dietary and therapeutic properties for a number of diseases and particularly in atherosclerosis and metabolic disorders associated with age-related changes.