PHILOSOPHY BASIS OF THE MEDICINE OF ANCIENT CHINA
One of the most important areas of Oriental medicine is cgen-jeou therapy or acupuncture and moxibustion.
The basis of acupuncture and moxibustion contains the main principles of Oriental medicine:
1. Man is studied as a whole;
2. Man corresponds to heaven and earth. It identifies itself with the concept of YIN-YANG;
3. Human life is governed by the concept of the Five Elements.
According to the first principle of thinking, feeling and the human body are interrelated and in close connection with each other. Every organ and function is associated with the other; from the point of view of continuous development and transformation of man is a unified whole.
The second principle – the person meets the sky and the earth – based on the provisions of Oriental medicine and philosophy, in which man viewed not in isolation from nature, and as its integral part, as an integral whole with the environment. This principle asserts that the human influence on the climate, the seasons, the radiation of the Sun, moon and Earth, which reflected the structure and movement of the Universe, i.e. the state changes under the influence of various cosmic phenomena. Moreover, the structure and movement of the Universe reflected in the human body completely, especially in CSO vital functions.According to the canons of ancient philosophy and medicine, people, like all objects on the Earth’s surface, is subjected to the action of the “Big dual universal law of alternation and additions” – YIN – YANG.
THE LAW OF YIN – YANG.
What is the law. The theory of YIN – YANG maintains that everything has two opposite principles, indicated by the terms Yin – Yang. They are the main categories for the explanation existing in nature objects and phenomena, for all things existing in nature objects and phenomena have their antipodes.
In the ancient treatise “the Book of the Yellow Emperor about the nature of things and of life” (“Huang di It – Ching su – Wei Lin – Shu” ) the idea of harmony was the basis of the doctrine of two opposite polar forces – Yin and Yang throughout the world, as well as the Five Elements, existing in nature and in the human body – Water, Fire, Wood, Metal, Earth. In the same book, put forward the doctrine of a Single World Power, ubiquitous and pervasive – “ Qi ”. The doctrine of a Single Global Power, universal ensuring all processes and phenomena of the Life of the Universe, pervades all the ancient systems of medicine and philosophy.
Ancient thinkers believed that all things and their opposite both trends are not only opposite but also interdependent, interrelated, and this interrelation of objects and phenomena has a steady tendency to merge into a single unit. So, laid Yan Yin ( Yin element ), that is formed vzaimopronikayut communication.
THE THEORY OF WU XING (THE FIVE ELEMENTS ).
Ancient doctors came to the theory of the Five Elements, based on the philosophical doctrine of YIN – YANG.
According to ancient Chinese healers, in Nature, there are Five Elements that make up everything. Every object in Nature, one way or another is one of the Five Elements and contains in its structure four major remaining element in a defined and specific proportions.
The relationship between the Five Elements. built on rigorous mathematical rules (“the generation and suppression”) and was used by ancient healers for thoughtful mastery of the laws of the interconversion of matter and processes,- to describe diverse quantitative and qualitative transitions of various substances and forces into one another, -for detailed acquaintance with the internal relations and structures of relations of Five Original.
The idea of unity and interconversion of the Five Elements used in Chinese traditional medicine, for example, to classify parts of the body, determine the expressions and signs of various aspects of physiology, understanding the nature and specificity of various pathological symptoms and whole pathological functional systems. And all this is regarded as within the body, and the analysis of the relationship between the patient and the phenomena of the external environment (to heal or destroy).
Were highlighted the concept of “extreme opposites” of YIN-YANG: night, winter, the North extreme of YIN; day, South, summer, the extreme YANG, and “transitional opposites”: the transitional YIN – evening, autumn, the West; the transitional YAN – morning, spring, East. These States are displayed sequentially, cyclically.
The universe as a whole and each individual living being as individual organisms consist of the same Elements. The laws of conversion and communication between Elements is uniform and the Universe, and the biosphere and to every living organism. It is the most unity and is the main advantage stailey model analysis of the functioning of the body. Space and the human body – a Microcosm – like and in essence and substance, and on mechanisms of formation and development!
Mutual relations between the Five Elements can be represented as a cycle of qualitative transformations of various energies. Unified energy is continuously moving and transforming its manifestations in various forms, which includes all private, relative phenomena. These phenomena, considered as a transitional stage in the process of energy conversion can be classified into five main “stages of transformation”, which occupies an intermediate position between YIN and YANG.
In the future, learning cycles, consisting of four successive States or stages, ancient scientists have summarized them and gave each of them a symbol. Refers to the following generalizations:
-“tree” – a symbol of birth, of increase;
-“fire” – a symbol of the maximum activity;
-“metal” – the symbol of decay;
-“water” – the symbol of minimal activity.
All four symbols of the ancients called elements of the main stages of each cycle. To these elements they have added a fifth element, which in their view is the center and axis for the cyclic changes in the universe. This element is Earth.
The theory of Five Elements is based, therefore, on the doctrine of the interconversion of YIN and YANG, but the analysis of transitions and vzaimoponimanie Started is at a deeper level. All five movements or Elements, directly related to the “ bodies” of the human body, which are also interdependent. As in all of Nature (in accord with the rhythm of the movement of energy ) at a certain time dominates a particular Element, and in humans in certain periods dominated by one of the “authorities”.
“Authority” in ancient Chinese models of the human body is the anatomical structure. “Authority” is an integrated functional system that includes a variety of processes that are closely associated with mental States.
This scheme of organization of the Universe was declared to be universal, i.e. its elements can be distributed not only on the whole (universe ), but the component parts of that whole. Based on the postulate of universality, the representatives of ancient Oriental medicine have moved this scheme of organizing the Universe all living entities, including humans, having a correspondence between the five elements and part of each person, for each physiological function. They divided all the phenomena of nature and the five elements respectively.