The main areas of work physiotherapy

Chief specialist of physiotherapy, head of physiotherapy service, head of the physiotherapy Department of the clinical hospital № 2, doctor of the highest category, doctor of rehabilitation medicine

Head of the physiotherapy Department of the clinical hospital № 3, doctor of the highest category, SCENAR therapist

Therapeutic physical factors are an essential component of modern therapy of the patient, and the effectiveness of their use depends largely on not only immediate but also long-term results of treatment.

The Department presents a wide range of physiotherapeutic procedures and techniques:

1. Physiotherapy:

low-frequency and high-frequency electrotherapy,

the galvanogryazelecheniya (or mud),


system-wide magnetotherapy apparatus “Magnitoturbotron”,

aerosol therapy,


2. Reflexology:

acupuncture (or acupuncture),

laser acupuncture

hirudotherapy (treatment with leeches);

Method reflexology is the impact on the active points of the body special needles, moxibustion, laser, discovolante by the currents, pressure point massage, magnetic and metallic applicators.

In the treatment of several diseases (Allergy, drug intolerance) reflexology is the method of choice,as virtually no contraindications and does not cause side effects.

Reflexology can be used as an independent method, and may also be combined with other therapeutic methods, significantly increasing their efficiency.

When used reflexology?

Reflexology is most often used for:

osteochondrosis accompanied by pain syndrome, diseases of the nervous system,

sleep disorders,

mental unbalance,


the tobacco Smoking.

3. Massage, manual therapy.

4. SCENAR-therapy and therapeutic body wrap blanket “OM-01”.

In the balneological Department can take different types of baths (the iodo-bromine, turpentine, electrogalvanic, “dry” carbonic), a course of underwater traction of the spine, to make the application of therapeutic mud.

For each patient the individual route, who promptly adjusted to reflect the health and physiological indicators.

General concepts

Physiotherapy is one of the sections of medicine, who is studying medical properties of physical factors and develops methods of their use for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes. In a number of foreign countries the term “physical therapy” mean only medical gymnastics; on the other hand, the terms “fisiatria”, “physical medicine”, used in modern literature as synonyms of physiotherapy, therapeutic physical cover all means and methods, including gymnastics and massage.

Physiotherapy. According to accepted terminology the study of natural resort factors (balneotherapy, climatotherapy and mud) – the subject of a separate section of medicine – of balneology, which, together with physiotherapy is a single scientific discipline. Medical gymnastics and massage, mechanotherapy (excluding vibrotherapy) are referred to physical therapy. Thus,the definition of physical therapy include

The main methods of physiotherapy is shown in almost all diseases of the internal organs; and contraindications to them were of a relative nature. They are based on the principles of individualization, dynamic, integrated, course application.

Physiotherapy. The main and the most reliable methods of physiotherapy are:

electric, light, water, thermotherapy; monoterapia and aeroion therapy.


Physical factors have an effect on the man throughout its evolution; therefore, physiotherapy treatments have on the body more physiological effects than many medicines. Physiotherapy trigger both nonspecific and specific responses. The latter is due to characteristics of the current factors and the pathological process and provide main therapeutic effect.

The goal of physiotherapy is to achieve the greatest therapeutic effect with minimal stress on the body by enhancing specific and nonspecific attenuation of the components of the physical factors. For this last is often used in intermittent (pulsed) mode and in small doses. The choice of the factor, its dose and method of use, and combinations of several factors determined by the form and stage of the disease and the condition of the body. Physiotherapeutic tools are most effective in the initial stage of the disease functional disorders.

Physiotherapy. In the main complex of therapeutic measures they are also used at other stages of treatment and medical rehabilitation with the aim of influencing certain processes in the body at different levels, including cellular and molecular. The diversity of factors and procedures used in physiotherapy, determined the individualized effects on the body and a directional influence on the pathological process without negative side effect.

Physiotherapy. Physiotherapeutic procedures are used primarily for the treatment of paresis, paralysis, diseases of the articular-ligamentous apparatus, skin, respiratory system, metabolic disorders. Apply such types of physiotherapy, electrotherapy, phototherapy, grazuleviciene, hydrotherapy, massage and other methods. Electrotherapy is used in galvanizing, apparatus for muscle stimulation, darsonvalization, diathermy, UHF-therapy; phototherapy – ultraviolet and infrared radiation; for granitplatten procedures – sapropel, ozokerite, paraffin, clay, sand, hot air, etc. Hydrotherapy involves bathing, showering and various types of baths.

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